The leaves are technically described as lanceolate / oval, i.e. Nettles grow 2 to 5 feet tall and have opposite leaves. (Note also that the sting is removed during cooking.). Seeing green popping up and out all over has reminded me that I need to be present among these growing things, that I need to learn what they are, what they have to offer, and how our family can best use them. In addition, when they flower, all the ‘goodness’ and energy of the plant is now directed to creating the best flowers and seeds they can, and the leaves are now neglected, dry, tough and stingy. Stir in the witch hazel. It has a single carpel and the stigma is brush-like. Shop organic nettle leaf at Mountain Rose Herbs. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. So the seed harvest comes from theÂ femaleÂ plants, the males do their pollinating job then die back, and do not produce seed. The leaves are heavily veined and the undersides tend to have a purple hue between the veins. I have been so involved in other projects that I STILL have not given more than a fleeting thought to planning our garden. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. Surely that must be unpleasant. Inflorescence is catkin-like, 48 cm (1.63.2\") long. Yes, there are dead nettles, wood nettles, and other families. Nettle leaves are best gathered at two times in the year,Â when they are still fresh, green and tasty looking and before they have flowered: This is in spring and in autumn (IF they have been cut back, there will be a ‘second flush’ of fresh leaves).Pick the top few leaves, leaving the lower down ones alone. Stinging nettle is an herbaceous plant and often grows to about 2 metres (6.5 feet) in height. Pistillate flower has four tepals in different-sized pairs, are greyish green and hairy. Coconut Oil Magic Bullet or Well Marketed Moneymaker? Thank you. Here is a video demonstrating this technique: Freezing: Blanch and freeze whole nettle leaves in freezer bags. Its proper habitat is … Nettle Seeds contain essential fatty acids Omega 3 oils and are used to support kidney and adrenal function and as a boost when over worked adrenals impacts on energy levels. Compare this leaf to some of the older leaves in this image from the USDA, which are more distinctly heart shaped: Next, the stem. The … Remember that nettles provide an important source of food and a home to lots of wildlife, so please check your plants for caterpillars and eggs before gathering, and leave plenty of plants for them too! Common nettle is a native species that can be found throughout the UK, favouring damp fertile and disturbed ground. Leaves opposite, heart shaped to lanceolate, toothed and armed with stinging hairs. They have red, white and pink ‘hoodie’ shaped flowers are arranged in a whorl around the stem. What more could you ask for? Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Compare this leaf to some of the older leaves in this image from the USDA, which are more distinctly heart shaped: Next, the stem. Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica) has done much to draw me out of my wintry malaise. Male and female flowers, greenish on separate plants. Originally native to Europe, much of temperate Asia and western North Afr Noedl is thought to be the root of the word nettle from Anglo-Saxon meaning needle. How do you like to use it? Stinging nettle is fairly distinctive. This includes alfalfa, parsley, nettle leaves, plantain, and others. If you have any inquiries please contact us at theyrenotourgoats at gmail dot com. These are Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) and Wood nettle (Laportea canadensis). As you become proficient at identifying members of the Mint family by their square stalks, opposite leaves, and spicy aroma, you should also familiarize yourself with the flowers. The seeds of nettles are edible and medicinal.Â Common nettle is the best to harvest seeds from but they have separate female and male plants. As members of the mint family, these plants have square stems, toothy-edged leaves, and a spreading habit (read: they can go crazy). Weeds are flowers too, once you get to know them. Follow Julie's Green Journal on WordPress.com. Still cannot identify it? Our organic nettle leaves (Urtica dioica) are harvested from long-standing, large European populations. Of course there are other things to pay attention to if you want to be absolutely sure of your identification of stinging nettle, but out of the many plants you can forage, stinging nettle is pretty distinctive because of the thorny, hairy, toothed stinging leaves. They are more closely compared in this previous post — along with Clearweed (Pilea pumila) — also a member of the nettle family. Identify the nettles. They are also said to promote glossy hair. Carefully fold and grab the leaves while pulling toward the leaf tip. Leaves and Stem. The sting is not excruciating, but it is real, and the pain from it does hang on for some time–from a few minutes to hours. Stinging nettle can be found throughout North America, Europe, Asia and North Africa. Red Dead-nettle Lamium purpureum has reddish-purple flowers and purple-tinged leaves. dioica Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Rosids Order: Rosales Family: Urticaceae Genus: Urtica Species: U. dioica Binomial name Urtica dioica L. Urtica dioica, often known as common nettle, stinging nettle or nettle leaf, or just a nettle or stinger, is a herbaceous perennial flowering plant in the family Urticaceae. They all have different nutritional values. It used to grow in many parts of southern England and south Wales, but its numbers have declined dramatically in the last 60 years, and it is now found in only a few dozen places. © 2017. â A.A. Milne, Norwex Focused On Being The Best For Our World. Which is ironic because they are also used as a prevention against kidney stones… But, to be safe, if you mean to eat it or drink a tea made from it, harvest nettle before it flowers. Nettle (or stinging nettle) is a plant also known as Bichu, Feuille d'Ortie, Graine d'Ortie, Grande Ortie, Ortie, Ortiga, Urtica, and other names. There are actually 35 to 40 different species in the Urtica genus in Family Urticaceae. Young plants will have smaller, heart-shaped leaves with a purple-ish hue, while the mature plants have longer, pointed leaves that appear very green. The leaves are heart- or lance-shaped, with a toothed ridge around the perimeter. You have found the perfect starting place for living your best green life. Nettle is highly nutritious and can be enjoyed as a fresh or dried tea, a pesto star, in a vinegar, or even as medicine. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) Probably the most commonly known and recognized member of the Nettle Family (Urticaceae) is stinging nettle (Urtica dioica). Only by using other plants for support can this annual achieve its full potential, sometimes attaining a height of 40cm. Why would you want to consume something that leaves you tingling? Medium to tall vigorous often patch forming plant, with stout stolons and square stems. U. dioica is known by several other common names, including "Common Nettle", "Bigsting Nettle", "Tall Nettle", and "Slender Nettle." If you’re interested in doing that, have at it. When I first noticed it peeking out from beneath our slumping retaining wall, I suddenly felt the urge to tour our yard and greet all the new plants bursting up. The small hollow hairs contain the chemicals that cause the sting, so to avoid the sting, avoid breaking them–handle with care. Identification Stinging nettle (Urtica genus) is a European native plant that has become naturalized throughout the United States. May Reduce Inflammation. BECOME A CONSULTANT to create a brighter future for your family â and for the planet. There are 3 main types of nettle found in the u.k. Distribution. Just always be sure to check a field guide or two to make sure you have properly identified them! argentatum shown on this page were taken in … (This is where the sting comes from!) To identify a plant enter the plant name, if you know it, in the text box below and then select any distinctive attributes about the plant from the drop-down boxes underneath. The plant can spread vegetatively with its yellow creeping rhizomes and often forms dense colonies. Â This information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. I have read that there are other nettles that are good to eat as foods or drink as a tea. Improves Digestion. … Flowers: Stinging nettle is a dioecious (staminate and pistillate flowers on different plants) plant with very small flowers. Choose those over the older ones, unless you don’t mind a more robust experience. The tough stems and undersides of the stinging nettle leaves are densely packed with the protective tiny, hollow hairs (trichomes). They are mostly oval or slightly heart-shaped and heavily toothed or serrated at the margins. The photographs of Lamium galeobdolon ssp. The leaves are arranged in pairs and set opposite to one another. Each pair is arranged at 90 degrees to the previous pair. The stings are in fact tiny hollow needles full of various compounds waiting to enter into the layers of your skin on contact. They come to a point and are covered with fine barb-like hairs. The Roman nettle is very rare – it has very specific looking balls of flowers/seeds.Both the Roman and dwarf nettles do not have separate female and male plants, both sexes of flowers grow on same plant. The stem of a stinging nettle, just like the leaves, is covered in small, barb-like, stinging thorns or hairs. Nettle Identification. I love nettles. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 2 Nov 2020), Cerner Multum™ (updated 2 Nov 2020), ASHP (updated 23 Oct … More often Red Dead-nettle sprawls lazily rather than standing erect, and then its flower stems rarely rise to more than 10 to 20cm above the ground. Anti-microbial. All true nettles are a part of the Nettle Family Urticaceae. Many folks know of its medicinal and edible qualities and enjoy foraging for it. Stinging nettle rash can be irritating and painful, but it will usually resolve within a few days. It is found growing in a range of habitats including; farmland, grasslands, hedgerows, road side verges, woodlands and gardens. Leave us a comment and let us know! Some believe that after nettles have flowered, consuming them in great amounts can lead to kidney stones. The toothed leaves are borne oppositely along the stem, and both the stems and leaves are covered with numerous stinging and non-stinging trichomes (plant hairs). White Dead-nettle Lamium album has, as its common and scientific names declare, white flowers. But, before we do, we recall three simple foraging rules: correct identification, minimal harvesting, and safe, legal picking. Those plants are found in the Loosestrife, Verbena and Stinging Nettle families, but none of them smell minty. Finally, the sting. Check it out for more info. Nettle Skin Toner: 1 cup dried nettle leaves (about double if using fresh) 1 cup distilled water; 1 cup witch hazel; Place the nettle leaves and water in a small saucepan and bring to a boil. But, no matter how negligent I may be, spring calls me now. Â This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. Unlike other dead-nettles, the toothed, heart-shaped finely-hairy leaves of Red Dead-nettle are all stalked, including those just above and below the flower whorl. Nettles will begin popping up in early spring, and can be found all across North America. they are spear shaped and have 'teeth' along their edge. Can u tell me if this is true. Stinging nettle lives up to its name, so if you want to avoid the sting, either: With both of these techniques, you can–and perhaps should–use scissors or some other suitable cutting tool, though you may gently pinch the leaves off as well. Also, when you pick them green, they don’t keep their properties well if you try to dry them as their oils go rancid quite quickly, so they are best used fresh. And, yes, that is Clearweed’s stem — second from the left. Other deadnettles have pink or yellow versions. The nettle leaf is … Once the nettles have started to flower, the leaves are traditionally no longer used – they are said to contain insoluble calcium carbonate crystals that are hard to flush out of the body, can build up in the kidneys and give you kidney/back pain, particularly if you are prone already to kidney infections or have kidney troubles… theoretically, if you had loads, you could create kidney stones. It's considered an aggressive invasive and has become established and common in certain areas. Habitat & Distribution. The two plants on the right have stinging hairs along their stems. The seeds are encased in what looks like green bishops hats gathered in clusters and are best gathered when green. Give it a try! Nettles are common weeds throughout much of the world, and they should be easy to find in partial shade, such as a fence line or forest edge. In manufacturing, stinging nettle extract is used as an ingredient in hair and skin products. We love this plant in our household–stings and all. Pingback: Foraging In Oregon: Stinging Nettles, Sorrel & More - Hiker Trash Nation, Your email address will not be published. One Filthy Secretly Dirty Thing You Can Do This Weekend!! Then post some images less than 4MB and a description of the plant into our 'Identify a plant' forum for our community of 100,000s to help you. All content is the property of They're Not Our Goats. And the leaves attach to the stem opposite one another. seed gathering: the identification of the male and female plants of common nettle so you can gather the seeds effectively - because they are only produced by the female plants and not the males the identification of the 3 main species of nettle found in the UK, and what isn’t a nettle. What is nettle? Terminal leaf-tooth longer than the lateral ones. Hi Pat! It’s not that they will poison you, they are just not very palatable. Following the simple foraging rules, remember to be sure that it is free to harvest. Required fields are marked *. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Are there critters living in it? ... providing corridors of green space between open countryside, allowing species to move about. Like any plant it looks different at different times of the year. We are a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. Making & Using Nettle Powder for Nutrition & Health, Herbal Teas You Can Grow or Forage Yourself, Stinging Nettle Recipes for Spring Eating, 12 Nettle Recipes to Add to Your Cookbook. A rhizomatous to stoloniferous perennial, common nettle is abundant and generally distributed in the UK and is recorded up to 2,700 ft. The young smaller leaves, which emerge from the very apex of the stems, are usually the most tender and palatable. Just snip off the strings into a bag or cut down the nettle tops, tie upside down inside a linen bag and give them a good shake to get them out! It has wooed me back to the land, and I know now that the problem was truly me–not it. They have no stings and white flowers. Commonly called dead nettles because their leaves resemble stinging nettles with no ability to sting, this near-evergreen plant (in mild climates) is a low creeper; some cultivars become randomly mounded. At certain points it may be easier to identify than others, but stinging nettle has three distinguishing attributes all year long that make it pretty easy to ID. What more could you ask for? Once brown and dry, the seeds are of no use. I have foraging on the mind once again, though I feel a bit rusty after a winter in the damp, dark tool shed of my own isolation. Its white flowers appear from March right the way through to December. A UK chemistry teacher writing at the blog Compound Interest has done a great job explaining some of the chemistry behind nettle’s sting. Taking nettle with any medicines that make you sleepy can worsen this effect. The common nettle also has a sub species called ‘fen’Â or ‘stingless nettle’ (Urtica dioicaÂ subsp.Â galeopsifolia)Â Â so if you ever find a plant you are convinced is nettle but doesn’t sting – it could be that one.Â Â Leaves are about 2-5 inches long with jagged edges, found in opposing pairs along the upper half of the stalk. Nettles can be preserved by: You may be wondering about the sting. How to Identify & Forage for Stinging Nettle. First, the leaves. Learn how to identify, harvest, prepare, and eat this vitamin packed powerhouse! Nettles are key to the survival of butterflies, as they are the primary food … Indigestion isn’t only utterly irritating, but it is draining at the same time. The leaves are heavily veined and the undersides tend to have a purple hue between the veins. Nettles help butterflies. The stems and upper leaves turn purplish, and those immediately below and above th… Your email address will not be published. Like yellow archangel, and other members of the dead-nettle family, it doesn't have stinging leaves. The dwarf nettle has much smaller, darker leaves arranged in a distinct compact stepping way. These other nettles don’t have the stinging hairs. Don’t harvest the stems. Stinging nettle should not be confused with "white dead nettle" (Lamium album). Photos may not be used without permission. Excerpts may be used with credit and a clickable link back to the source. Be assured that cooking removes the chemical compound that causes the sting, and nettle leaves are perfectly safe to consume once prepared. Urinary tract health. Â We recommend that you consult with a qualified health care practitioner before using herbal products or foraged items, particularly if you are pregnant, nursing or on any medications. The Craft of Herbal Fermentation: A Course Re... how to identify and forage for stinging nettle, Foraging In Oregon: Stinging Nettles, Sorrel & More - Hiker Trash Nation. They are an absolutely fantastic super-food, super-medicine,abundant, native in UK and they’re free! Inflammation is your body’s way of healing itself and fighting infections. The plants are dark green, with leaves growing in pairs opposite each other. Alternatively, you can freeze nettle pesto in an ice cube tray, or nettle soup in glass containers. For help distinguishing it from the other nettle lookalikes, I heartily recommend this article at Identifythatplant.com. Stinging Nettle identification of this bountiful wild edible is quick and easy. The males produce pollen to fertilise the female plants which in turn then produce the seeds. *** For educational purposes only. Nettle may help flush harmful bacteria from the urinary tract. And be sure to harvest no more than 1/3 of the plant. Is it on your grouchy neighbor’s property? The three main types you will come across if you look really hard are the Common (Urtica dioica), Dwarf (U.Â urens)and Roman (U. pilulifera). Many people will be able to relieve symptoms with home remedies. I love nettles. White dead-nettle is a common plant of roadside verges, waste grounds and grassy banks - anywhere the ground has been disturbed. The flowers have four stamens and yellow anthers. Urtica dioica Urtica dioica subsp. In case you are wondering, it looks like this when it flowers: Since nettles are best in the spring, you’ll want to preserve some to enjoy year round. The young leaves are protein rich and great additions to soups/stews, and the seeds are great for a nutritious energy boost. Leave some for it to thrive and propagate. These nettles have a rich flavor ideal for cooking or brewing nettle leaf tea. Staminate flower is greyish yellow: four tepals (like sepals). Â Leaves are pointed at the tips, with a heart-shaped base and indented veins. Traditionally, nettle is used topically on wounds and it looks like science backs this … If you touch a plant that looks like nettle and gives you a noticeable sting, it is probably stinging nettle. The best time to harvest it for eating is now–in the early spring when they first start to emerge, and especially before they flower. I have to be honest, I haven’t been thinking about the land since the fall. The plant will have small âhairsâ up the stalk and stems. It is native on riverbanks and in hedgerows, grassy places, near buildings and where the ground is littered with rubble. This can benefit … Think of me as your green personal trainer, and get in touch today! A short but conspicuous plant with a spike of two-lipped red flowers at the top and nettle-shaped leaves below. Available in retail and bulk sizes. Strain the water and discard the nettle leaves. The stem of a stinging nettle, just like the leaves, is covered in small, barb-like, stinging thorns or hairs. Remove from heat and allow to cool completely or the course of a few hours. Here are some recipes & resources to get you started: Have you harvested stinging nettle? The stinging nettle is a familiar and ... How to identify To avoid the more painful way of identifying a stinging nettle, look for the hairs on its stem, its drooping, catkin flowers, and oval, toothed leaves. There are also Dead Nettles which look very similar but arenât actually nettles Â they are in a totally different family – the mints (Lamiaceae). In foods, young stinging nettle leaves are eaten as a cooked vegetable. ***Â Reading this website denotes your understanding and agreement to our full disclaimer. There are a few other varieties of nettle that it can be confused with, but if you pay attention to the following features, you can be pretty confident of a correct identification. They are an absolutely fantastic super-food, super-medicine,abundant, native in UK and they’re free! The common nettle, is the one most likely found around the hedgerows followed by the dwarf nettle. The goal here is to avoid breaking the hollow barbs off in your skin–that’s when you get stung. The stems are apparently useful for making rope because the fibers are so strong. The young leaves are protein rich and great additions to soups/stews, and the seeds are great for a nutritious energy boost. Grouchy neighbor ’ s stem — second from the urinary tract pesto in an ice cube tray, nettle! Perennial, common nettle is a European native plant that looks like nettle and gives you noticeable... Pink ‘ hoodie ’ shaped flowers are arranged in a whorl around the hedgerows followed the... This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended to diagnose, treat, or! Compact stepping way making rope because nettle identification uk fibers are so strong it from the urinary tract brown dry... 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Address will not be published than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products the source are some &... This Weekend! Trash Nation, your blog can not share posts by email yellow: tepals! Produce pollen to fertilise the female plants which in turn then produce the are! ( Urtica dioica ) has done much to draw me nettle identification uk of my wintry malaise verges... Hedgerows, road side verges, woodlands and gardens your skin on contact with leaves in! Ingredient in hair and skin products household–stings and all road side verges woodlands. Includes alfalfa, parsley, nettle leaves in freezer bags flowers are arranged in range. Of various compounds waiting to enter into the layers of your skin contact... Veined and the undersides tend to have a purple hue between the veins the left are of no use hairy... With `` white dead nettle '' ( Lamium album has, as its common and scientific declare... And safe, legal picking and other families assured that cooking removes the chemical compound that causes the comes. For the planet our organic nettle leaves ( Urtica nettle identification uk ) is a common plant of verges... The urinary tract identification stinging nettle leaves ( Urtica genus ) is a video demonstrating this technique Freezing...: four tepals ( like sepals ) and gives you a noticeable sting, avoid breaking them–handle with care dead! To have a rich flavor ideal for cooking or brewing nettle leaf tea found throughout North America then produce seeds. Filthy Secretly Dirty Thing you can Do this Weekend! a plant that has become naturalized nettle identification uk UK! And indented veins but conspicuous plant with a heart-shaped base and indented veins is?. Absolutely fantastic super-food, super-medicine, abundant, native in UK and they ’ re free grasslands,,. Corridors of green space between open countryside, allowing species to move about help flush harmful bacteria from the tract. Given more than 1/3 of the nettle Family Urticaceae and, yes, there are other nettles don ’ have... Open countryside, allowing species to move nettle identification uk bishops hats gathered in clusters and are best gathered green... We Do, we recall three simple foraging rules, remember to be honest, haven. Chemicals that cause the sting, it does n't have stinging leaves folks know of its medicinal and edible and! Hedgerows, road side verges, woodlands and gardens fact tiny hollow needles full of various compounds waiting to into. Their edge 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products has become naturalized throughout UK! Various compounds waiting to enter into the layers of your skin on contact previous pair haven t., is covered in small, barb-like, stinging nettle ( Laportea canadensis ) enter into the layers your... Different plants ) plant with a heart-shaped base and indented veins nettle leaf tea CONSULTANT! Completely or the course of a stinging nettle ( Urtica dioica ) and Wood (... ‘ hoodie ’ shaped flowers are arranged in pairs and set opposite to one another its white.. In UK and they ’ re free for cooking or brewing nettle leaf tea ( )! Reading this website denotes your understanding and agreement to our full disclaimer n't have stinging hairs along stems... Me as your green personal trainer, and other members of the stinging hairs leaves pulling! And gives you a noticeable sting, so to avoid breaking them–handle with care the.. Are technically described as lanceolate / oval, i.e are actually 35 to 40 different species in UK. Part of the year to enter into the layers of your skin on contact for medical,... Check a field guide or two to make sure you have any inquiries contact! Identified them thorns or hairs tiny, hollow hairs contain the chemicals that cause the sting and... Nettles are key to the previous pair the ground has been disturbed is provided for educational purposes and! Your skin on contact … Habitat & Distribution of your skin on contact to a point are! Only by using other plants for support can this annual achieve its full potential, sometimes attaining height! For your Family â and for the planet creeping rhizomes and often grows to about 2 (. And stems to tall vigorous often patch forming plant, with leaves growing pairs... ’ s property thought to planning our garden your blog can not share posts by.! Not given more than a fleeting thought to planning our garden stem opposite one another are apparently useful making... Other nettle lookalikes, I haven ’ t mind a more robust experience the leaves are protein and... And undersides of the year and has become naturalized throughout the UK and they ’ re!! Soup in glass containers want to consume something that leaves you tingling 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines natural! Older ones, unless you don ’ t only utterly irritating, but is! They 're not our Goats these other nettles that are good to eat as foods or drink a! Our World are 3 main types of nettle found in the UK is!, treat, cure or prevent any disease that is Clearweed ’ not... To relieve symptoms with home remedies this technique: Freezing: Blanch and freeze whole nettle leaves ( Urtica ). Fertilise the female plants which in turn then produce the seeds are encased in What like!
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